University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota: Department of Mechanical Engineering

Will Northrop Publications

Refereed Journal Publications:

1. Storey, J.M., Curran, S.J., Lewis, S.A., Barone, T.L., Hanson, R.M., Moses-DeBusk, M., Prikhodko, V.Y. and Northrop, W.F., (2016) Physio-Chemical Characterization of Particulate Matter from a Reactivity Controlled Compression-Ignition Combustion on a Multi-Cylinder Light-Duty Engine. International Journal of Engine Research, August 4, 1468087416661637, 1-15.

2. Lin, Y., Northrop, W.F., and Li, X., (2016) Markov Chain Solution of Photon Multiple Scattering Through Turbid Slabs, Optics Express, 24(23), 26942-26947.

3. Wolk, B., Ekoto, I., Northrop, W.F., Moshamer, K. and Hansen, N. (2016) Detailed Speciation and Reactivity Characterization of Fuel-Specific In-Cylinder Reforming Products and the Associated Impact on Engine Performance, Fuel, 185, 348-361.

4. Nord, A.J., Hwang J.T., and Northrop W.F. (2016). Emissions From a Diesel Engine Operating in a Dual-Fuel Mode Using Port-Fuel Injection of Heated Hydrous Ethanol. Journal of Energy Resource Technology 139(2), 1–11.

5. Kotz, A., Kittelson, D. and Northrop, W.F. (2016) Lagrangian Hotspots of In-Use NOX Emissions from Transit Buses, Environmental Science and Technology, 50, 5750-5756.

6. Wolk, B., Northrop, W.F. and Ekoto, I. (2016) Investigation of Fuel Effects in Negative Valve Overlap Reforming Chemistry using Gas Chromatography, SAE Int. J. Engines, 9(2).

7. Badshah, H., Kittelson, D. and Northrop, W.F. (2016) Particle Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles during Cold-Cold Start, SAE Int. J. Engines, 9(3).

8. Lucachick, G., Curran, S., Storey, J., Prikhodko, V. and Northrop W.F. (2016) Volatility Characterization of Nanoparticles from Single and Dual-Fuel Low Temperature Combustion in Compression Ignition Engines, Aerosol Science and Technology, 50(5), 436-447.

9. Li, X. and Northrop, W.F. (2016) A Markov Chain-based Quantitative Study of Angular Distribution of Photons through Turbid Slabs via Isotropic Light Scattering, Computational Physics Communications, 201, 77-84.

10. Northrop, W.F. and Avenido, A., (2016) Fractionation of Engine Exhaust Hydrocarbons Using Flame Ionization Detection with Variable Temperature Sample Conditioner, Int. J. Engine Res., 17(2) 235-245.

11. Ekoto, I., Peterson, B., Szybist, J., and Northrop, W.F. (2015) Analysis of Thermal and Chemical Effects on Negative Valve Overlap Period Energy Recovery for Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion, SAE Int. J. Engines, 8(5).

12. Fang, W., Kittelson, D, Northrop, W.F. (2015) Optimization of reactivity-controlled compression ignition combustion fueled with diesel and hydrous ethanol using response surface methodology, Fuel, 160, 446-457.

13. Saffy, H., Northrop, W.F., Kittelson, and D., Boies, A. (2015) Energy, carbon dioxide and water use implications of hydrous ethanol production. Energy Conversion and Management, 105, 900-907.

14. Kotz, A., Kittelson, D. and Northrop, W.F. (2015) Novel vehicle mass-based automated passenger counter for transit applications, Transportation Research Record, 2536, 37-43.

15. Lucachick, G., Avenido, A., Kittelson, D. & Northrop, W.F. (2015) Effects of Aftertreatment on Semi-Volatile Particulate Matter Emissions from Low Temperature Combustion in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine. SAE Int. J. Engines, 8(2).

16. Peterson, B., Ekoto, I., & Northrop, W.F. (2015) Investigation of Negative Valve Overlap Reforming Products Using Gas Sampling and Single-Zone Modeling, SAE Int. J. Engines 8(2).

17. Northrop, W.F. & Avenido, A., (2015) Fractionation of Engine Exhaust Hydrocarbons Using Flame Ionization Detection with Variable Temperature Sample Conditioner, Int. J. Engine Res., 1468087414565402.

18. Sullivan, T. A., Van de Ven, J. D., Northrop, W.F. & McCabe, K. (2015) Integrated Mechanical and Thermodynamic Optimization of an Engine Linkage Using a Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm. J. Mech. Des. 137, 024501.

19. Lucachick, G., Avenido, A., Kittelson, D., and Northrop, W.F., (2014) Exploration of Semi-Volatile Particulate Matter Emissions from Low Temperature Combustion in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine, SAE Int. J. Engines, 7(2).

20. Hamilton, J., Adams, J. and Northrop W.F. (2014) Particulate and Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emissions from a Small-Scale Biomass Gasifier-Generator System. Energy and Fuels, 28(5) 3255-3261.

21. Fang W., Fang J., Kittelson D. B. & Northrop, W.F. (2014) An Experimental Investigation of Reactivity-Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion in a Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Hydrous Ethanol. J. Energy Resource Technology 137(3), 031101-1-7.

22. Fang, W., Huang, B., Kittelson, D.B. & Northrop, W.F. (2014) Dual-Fuel Diesel Engine Combustion with Hydrogen, Gasoline, and Ethanol as Fumigants: Effect of Diesel Injection Timing. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 136(8), 081502-1-7.

23. Northrop, W.F., Fang, W. and Huang, B. (2013) Combustion phasing effect on cycle efficiency of a diesel engine using advanced gasoline fumigation. J. Eng. for Gas Turbines and Power, 135(3), 032801-1-6.

24. Chin, J-Y, Batterman, S.A., Northrop, W.F., Bohac, S.V. and Assanis D.N. (2012) Gaseous and particulate emissions from diesel engines at idle and under load: Comparison of biodiesel blend and ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels. Energy and Fuels, 16(11) 6737-6748.

25. Northrop, W.F., Plazas, A. and Szymkowicz, P., (2012) Investigation of the load limits and emissions of a naturally-aspirated direct-injection diesel engine. SAE Int. J. Engines, 5(2).

26. Northrop, W.F., Assanis, D.N., Bohac, S.V., (2011). Evaluation of diesel oxidation catalyst conversion of hydrocarbons and particulate matter from premixed low temperature combustion of biodiesel. SAE Int. J. Engines, 4(1), 1431-1444.

27. Northrop, W.F., Choi, S, Thompson, L.T., (2011). Thermally integrated fuel processor design for fuel cell applications. International J. Hydrogen Energy, 37, 3447-3458.

28. Northrop, W.F., Bohac, S.V., Chin, J-Y and Assanis, D.N. (2011). Comparison of filter smoke number and elemental carbon mass from partially premixed low temperature combustion in a direct injection diesel engine. J. Eng. for Gas Turbines and Power, 133(10), 102804-1-6.

29. Northrop, W.F., Madathil, P.V., Bohac, S.V. and Assanis, D.N. (2010). Condensational Growth of Particulate Matter from Partially Premixed Low Temperature Combustion of Biodiesel in a Compression Ignition Engine. Aerosol Science and Technology, 45(1), 26-36.

30. Northrop, W.F., Vanderpool, L.M., Madathil, P.V., Assanis, D.N. and Bohac, S.V. (2010). Investigation of hydrogen emissions in partially premixed diesel combustion. J. Eng. for Gas Turbines and Power, 132(11), 112803-1-6.

31. Northrop, W.F, Bohac, S.V. and Assanis, D.N. (2009). Premixed low temperature combustion of biodiesel and blends in a high-speed compression ignition engine. SAE Int. J. Fuels and Lubricants, 2(1), 28-40.

32. Northrop, W.F., Jacobs, T.J., Assanis, D.N. and Bohac, S.V. (2007). Deactivation of a diesel oxidation catalyst due to the exhaust species from rich premixed compression ignition combustion in a light-duty diesel engine, Int. J. Engine Res., 8, 497-498.