University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota: Department of Mechanical Engineering
http://www.me.umn.edu/

Virgil Marple Publications

Edited Books

Marple, V.A. and B.Y.H. Liu, eds.,  Aerosols in the Mining and Industrial Work Environment, Ann Arbor Science, 1983.
Vol. 1:  Fundamental and Status,
Vol. 2:  Characterization,
Vol. 3: Instrumentation.

Book Chapters (Also listed under Peer Reviewed Papers)

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, Generation of Aerosols and Facilities for Exposure Experiments, Chapter 1: Aerosol Generation Concepts and Parameters, Ed K. Willeke, Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Inc. Ann Arbor, MI, 1980.

Rubow, K.L. and V.A. Marple, "Chapter 55, Instrument Evaluation Chamber: Calibration of Commercial Photometers, Aerosols in the Mining and Industrial Work Environment, Vol. III, Ed. V.A. Marple and B.Y.H. Liu, Ann Arbor Science (1983).

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "Chapter 60, Impactors for Respirable Dust Sampling," Aerosols in the Mining and Industrial Work Environment, Vol. III, Ed. V.A. Marple and B.Y.H. Liu, Ann Arbor Science, 1983.

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, Chapter 4: Theory and Design Guidelines, Cascade Impactors: Sampling & Data Analysis, Eds. J.P. Lodge and T.L. Chan, A.I.H.A. 475 Wolf Ledges Parkway, Akron, OH 44331, 1986.

Hering, S.V. and V.A. Marple, Chapter 5: Low Pressure and Micro-orifice Impactors, Cascade Impactors: Sampling & Data Analysis, Eds. J.P. Lodge and T.L. Chan, A.I.H.A. 475 Wolf Ledges Parkway, Akron, OH 44311, 1986.

Marple, V.A., K. L. Rubow and B.A. Olson, Inertial, Gravitational, Centrifugal and Thermal Collection Techniques, Chapter 12: Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques and Applications, Eds. K. Willeke and P.A. Baron, 1992.

Marple, V.A., B.A. Olson and K. L. Rubow, Inertial, Gravitational, Centrifugal and Thermal Collection Techniques, Chapter 10: Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques and Applications, Second Edition Eds. P.A. Baron and K. Willeke, 2001.

Marple, V.A. and B.A. Olson, Inertial, Gravitational, Centrifugal and Thermal Collection Techniques, Chapter 10: Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques and Applications, Third Edition Eds. P.A. Baron and P. Kulkarni Submitted Feb. 2009.
 
Peer Reviewed Papers

Irving, J.P., V.A. Marple and F.C. Price, Jr., "Analysis of Two-Phase Cold-Flow Modeling," Chemical Engineering Progress Symposium Series, 62(61):118-124, 1966.

Liu, B.Y.H., V.A. Marple and H. Yazdani, "Comparative Size Measurements of Monodisperse Liquid Aerosols by Electrical and Optical Methods," Environ. Sci. Technol. 3:381-386, 1969.

Marple, V. A., B.Y.H. Liu and K.T. Whitby, "On the Flow Fields of Inertial Impactors," J. Fluids Eng. 96:394-403, 1974.

Marple, V.A. , B.Y.H. Liu and K.T. Whitby, "Fluid Mechanics of the Laminar Flow Aerosol Impactors," J. Aerosol Sci. 5:1-16, 1974. 

Marple, V.A. and B.Y.H. Liu, "Characteristics of Laminar Jet Impactors," Environ. Sci. Technol. 8:648-654, 1974.

Liu, B.Y.H., V.A. Marple, K.T. Whitby and N.J. Barsic "Size Distribution Measurement of Airborne Coal Dust by Optical Particle Counters," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 8:443, 1974. 

Willeke, K., K.T. Whitby, W.E. Clark and V.A. Marple, "Size Distributions of Denver Aerosols - A Comparison of Two Sites," Atmos. Environ. 8:609-633, 1974.

Marple, V.A. and B.Y.H. Liu, "On Fluid Flow and Aerosol Impaction in Inertial Impactors," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 53:31-34, 1975. 

Whitby, K.T., W.E. Clark, V.A. Marple, G.M. Sverdrup, G.J. Sem, K. Willeke, B.Y.H. Liu and D.Y.H. Pui, "Characterization of California Aerosols I. Size Distributions of Freeway Aerosols," Atmos. Environ. 9:463-482, 1975. 

Marple, V.A., K.T. Whitby, B.R. Olson and J.L. Wolf, "Precision Aerosol Divider," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 37:69-72, 1976. 

Marple, V.A. and K. Willeke, "Impactor Design," Atmos. Environ. 10:891, 1976. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "Aerodynamic Particle Size Calibration of Optical Particle Counters," J. Aerosol Sci. 7:425-438, 1976. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "An Evaluation of the GCA Respirable Dust Monitor 101-1," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 39:17-25, 1978. 

Marple, V.A.. B.Y.H. Liu and K.L. Rubow, "A Dust Generator for Laboratory Use," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 39:26-32, 1978. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "A Portable Optical Particle Counter System for Measuring Dust Aerosols," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 39:210-218, 1978. 

Marple, V.A., "Simulation of Respirable Penetration Characteristics by Inertial Impaction," J. Aerosol Sci. 9:125-134, 1978. 

Kleinhenz, W.A. and V.A. Marple, "The Effectiveness and Economics of an 'Open' Laboratory on Mechanical Engineering Measurements," Journal of Laboratory Oriented Studies, 1:18, 1979. 

Marple, V.A. and C.M. Chien, "Virtual Impactors: A Theoretical Study," Environ. Sci. Technol. Vol. 14, No. 8, Sp. 976, 1980. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "Aerosol Generation Concepts and Parameters," presented at the Symposium on Aerosol Generation and Exposure Facilities, ACS/CSJ Chemical Congress, Honolulu, HI (April 1979) also in Generation of Aerosols (edited by Willeke, K.) pp. 3-20, Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Inc. Ann Arbor, MI, 1980. 

Marple, V.A., B.Y.H. Liu and G.A. Kuhlmey, "A Uniform Deposit Impactor," J. Aerosol Science 12:333, 1981. 

Kuhlmey, G.A., B.Y.H. Liu and V.A. Marple, "A Micro-orifice Impactor Sub-Micron Aerosol Size Classification," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 42:790, 1981. 

Rubow, K.L. and V.A. Marple, "Instrument Evaluation Chamber: Calibration of Commercial Photometers," Vol. III Aerosols in the Mining and Industrial Work Environment, Ed.
V.A. Marple and B.Y.H. Liu, Ann Arbor Science (1983). 

Marple, V.A. and J.E. McCormack, "Personal Sampling Impactor With Respirable Aerosol Penetration Characteristics," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 44(12):916-922, 1983. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "Impactors for Respirable Dust Sampling," Vol. III Aerosols in the Mining and Industrial Work Environment, Ed. V.A. Marple and B.Y.H. Liu, Ann Arbor Science, 1983. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, "An Aerosol Chamber for Instrument Evaluation and Calibration," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 44(5):361-367,1983. 

Rader, D.J. and V.A. Marple, "Effect of UltraStokesian Drag and Particle Interception on Impactor Characteristics," Aerosol Science and Technology 4:141-156,1985. 

Marple, V.A., K.L. Rubow, G. Ananth and H. J. Fissan, "Micro-Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactor," J. Aerosol Sci. 17(3):489-494, 1986. 

Marple, V.A. and K.L. Rubow, Chapter 4: Theory and Design Guidelines, Cascade Impactors: Sampling & Data Analysis, Eds. J.P. Lodge and T.L. Chan, A.I.H.A. 475 Wolf Ledges Parkway, Akron, OH 44331, 1986. 

Hering, S.V. and V.A. Marple, Chapter 5: Low Pressure and Micro-orifice Impactors, Cascade Impactors: Sampling & Data Analysis, Eds. J.P. Lodge and T.L. Chan, A.I.H.A. 475 Wolf Ledges Parkway, Akron, OH 44311, 1986. 

Marple, V.A., K.L. Rubow, W. Turner and J.D. Spengler, "Low Flow Rate Sharp Cut Impactors for Indoor Air Sampling: Design & Calibration," Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 37:1303-1307,1987. 

Rubow, K.L., V.A. Marple, J. Olin and M.A. McCawley, "A Personal Cascade Impactor: Design, Evaluation and Calibration," Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 48(6):532-538, 1987. 

Vanderpool, R.W., D.A. Lundgren, V.A. Marple and K.L. Rubow, "Co-Calibration of Four Large-Particle Impactors," Aerosol Sci. and Technol. 7(2):177-185, 1987. 

Lioy, P., T. Wainman, W. Turner and V. Marple, "An Intercomparison of the Indoor Air Sampler Impactor and the Dichotomous Sampler for the 10 Micron Cut Size," Air Poll. Control Assoc. 38(5):668-670, 1988. 

Rader, D. J. and V. A. Marple, "A Study of the Effects of Anisokinetic Sampling," Aerosol Sci. and Technol. 8(3):283-299, 1988. 

Marple, V.A., B.Y.H. Liu and R.M. Burton, "High-volume Impactor for Sampling Fine and Coarse Particles," J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 40:762-767, 1990.

Marple, V.A., B.Y.H. Liu and R.M. Burton, "A High Volume Dichotomous Sampler: Design and Evaluation," J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., Publication No. 90-84.2, 1990. 

Fang, C.P., P.H. McMurry, V.A. Marple and K.L. Rubow, "Effect of Flow-induced Relative Humidity Changes on Size Cuts for H2SO4 Droplets in the Microorifice Uniform Deposit Impactor (MOUDI)," Aerosol Sci. and Technol., 14:266-277, 1991. 

Marple V.A., K.L. Rubow and S.M. Behm, "A Microorifice Uniform Deposit Impactor (MOUDI): Description, Calibration and Use," Aerosol Sci. and Technol., 14:434-446, 1991. 

Buckley, T.J., J.M. Waldman, C.G. Natalie, Freeman, V.A. Marple, W.A. Turner and P.J. Lioy, "Calibration, Intersampler Comparison, and Field Application of a New PM-10 Personal Air Sampling Impactor," Aerosol Sci. and Technol., 14:380-387, 1991. 

Fang, C.P., V.A. Marple and K.L. Rubow, "Influence of Cross-flow on Particle Collection Characteristics of Multi-nozzle Impactors," Journal of Aerosol Science, 22:403-415, 1991. 

Marple, V.A., K. L. Rubow and B.A. Olson, Inertial, Gravitational, Centrifugal and Thermal Collection Techniques, Chapter 12: Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques and Applications, Eds. K. Willeke and P.A. Baron, 1992. 

Miller, N. C., V. A. Marple, R. K. Schultz and W. S. Poon, "Assessment of the Twin Impinger for Size Measurement of Metered-Dose Inhaler Sprays," Pharmaceutical Research, 9(9):1123-1127, 1992. 

Marple, V. A., K. L. Rubow and B. A. Olson, "Diesel Exhaust/Mine Dust Personal Aerosol: Sampler Design, Calibration and Field Evaluation", Aerosol Sci. and Technol., 22:140-150, 1995. 

Lundgren, D. A., V. A. Marple, R. A, Herrick and R. Henningsgaard, "New Wet Electrostatic Precipitator Development for Gaseous Emissions Control", Air & Waste Management Assoc. 88th Annual Meting (95-WA77A.01), June 1995. 

Marple, V. A. ,B. A. Olson and N. C. Miller, "A Low-Loss Cascade Impactor with stage Collection Cups: Calibration and Pharmaceutical Inhaler Applications", Aerosol Sci. and Technol., 22:124-134, 1995. 

Marple, V. A., B. A. Olson, "High Volume PM10/2.5/1.0 Trichotomous Sampler", Particulate Matter: Health and Regulatory Issues, VIP-49, Air & Waste Management Association, Proceedings of an International Specialty Conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania April 406, 1995. 

Marple, V. A., K. L. Rubow and B. A. Olson, "Diesel Exhaust/Mine Dust Personal Aerosol Sampler Utilizing Virtual Impactor Technology", Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 11(7): 721-727, 1996. 

Lundgren, D. A., D. N. Hlaing, T. A. Rich and V. A. Marple, "PM10/PM2.5/PM1.0 Data from a Trichotomous Sampler", Aerosol Sci. and Technol. (Technocal Note), 25:353-357, Oct., 1996. 

Marple, V. A., B. A. Olson and N. C. Miller, "The Role of Inertial Particle Collectors in Evaluating Pharmaceutical Aerosol Delivery Systems", Journal of Aerosol Medicine, 11(Suppl. 1):S139-S153, June, 1998. 

Olson, B. A., V. A. Marple, J. P. Mitchell and M W. Nagel, "Development and Calibration of a Low Flow Version of the Marple-Miller Impactor (MMI), Aerosol Science and Technology, 29(4):307-314, 1998. 

Collazo, H., W. A. Crow, L. Gardner, B. L. Phillips, V. A. Marple and B. A. Olson, “Inertial Impactors to Measure Aerodynamic Diameters of Man-made Organic Fibers”, Aerosol Science and Technology, 36(2): 166-177, 2002. 

Romay ,F.J., D.L. Roberts, V.A. Marple, B.Y.H. Liu and B.A. Olson “A High-Performance Aerosol Concentrator for Biological Agent Detection”, Aerosol Science and Technology , 36(2): 2002. 

Collazo, H., W. A. Crow, L. Gardner, B. L. Phillips, W.M. Dyer, Jr. V. A. Marple and M. J. Utell, “Aerodynamic diameter Measurement of Cellulose Acetate Fibers from Cigarette Filters: What is the Potential for Human Exposure?” Inhalation Toxicology, 14:101-116, 2002. 

Geller, M.D., K. Seongheon, C. Misra, C. Sioutas, B.A. Olson and V.A. Marple, “A Methodology for Measuring Size-Dependent Chemical Composition of Ultrafine Particles”, Aerosol Science and Technology, 36: 748-762, 2002. 

Marple, V.A., D. L. Roberts, F.J. Romay, N.C. Miller, K.G. Truman, M. Van Oort, B. Olsson, M.J. Holroyd, J.P. Mitchell and D. Hochrainer, “Next Generation Pharmaceutical Impactor (A New Impactor for Pharmeceutical Inhaler Testing) – Part I: Design” Journal of Aerosol Medicine, Vol. 16, No 3: 283-299, 2003. 

Marple, V.A., B.A. Olson, K. Santhanakrishnan and J.P. Mitchell, “Next Generation Pharmaceutical Impactor (A New Impactor for Pharmeceutical Inhaler Testing) – Part II: Archival Calibration” Journal of Aerosol Medicine, Vol 16, No. 3: 301-324, 2003.

Marple, V.A., “History of Impactors-The First 110 Years”, Aerosol Science and Technology, 38:247-292, 2004.

Marple, V.A., B.A. Olson, K. Santhanakrishnan and J.P. Mitchell,“Next Generation Pharmaceutical Impactor (A New Impactor for Pharmeceutical Inhaler Testing) – Part III: Extension of Archival Calibration to 15 L/min”, Journal of Aerosol Medicine, Vol. 17, No 4: 335-343, 2004.

Marple, V.A., B.A. Olson and K. Santhanakrishnan, “Rapid Check of Cascade Impactor Cut-sizes using a Polydisperse Challenge Aerosol Calibration Method”, Submitted to Aerosol Science and Technology, 40: 1064-1070, 2006.

Marple, V.A. and B.A. Olson, “History of Virtual Impactors” Submitted to AAAR History & Reviews of Aerosol Science, Dec. 2006.

Marple, V.A. and B.A. Olson, “Good Laboratory Practice as Applied to Aerosol Calibrations”, KONA Powder and Particle Journal, No. 27, Pages 206-216, 2009.

Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Papers 

Marple, V. A., K. L. Rubow, D. Pui, C. P. Fang, G. Ananth, S. Behm and R. Caldow, "Coal Mine Dust Characterization", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Papers Research Program and Status Report 1984-1988, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 1:257-264, 1988. 

Marple, V. A., K. L. Rubow, S. Pignolet-Brandom, K. Reed, C. P. Fang and W. Tongen, "Determination of silica Particle Concentrations in Respirable Size Range", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Papers Research Program and Status Report 1984-1988, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 1:265-269, 1988. 

Marple, V. A., K. L. Rubow, X. Zhang, and G. Ananth, "Experimental and Theoretical Aerodynamic Diameter Analysis of Coal Dust", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Papers Research Program and Status Report 1984-1988, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 1:360-368, 1988.

Marple, V. A. and K. L. Rubow, "Instrumentation for the Measurement of Respirable Coal Mine Dust", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Publications 1984, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 3:45-52, 1988. 

Marple, V.A., A. Zhang and B.Y.H. Liu, "Numerical Technique for Calculating the Equivalent aerodynamic Diameter of Particles", Respirable Dust in the Mineral Industries: Health Effects, Characterization and Control, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 33-40, 1988. 

Rubow, K.L. and V.A. Marple, "Determining the Size Distribution of Coal Diesel Aerosol Mixtures with the Microorifice Uniform Deposit Impactor", Respirable Dust in the Mineral Industries: Health Effects, Characterization and Control, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 71-78, 1988. 

Rubow, K. L. and V. A. Marple, "Application of a Particle Dispersion system for Obtaining the Size Distribution of Particles Collected on filter Samples", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Publications 1986, Eds. R. L. Frantz and R. V. Ramani, 5:109-112, 1989. 

Marple, V.A., K.L. Rubow and Y. Tao, "Chapter 8: Personal Diesel Exhaust Aerosol Sampler", 3rd Symposium on Respirable Dust in the Mineral Industries, Eds. R.L. Frantz and R.V. Ramani, Pub by Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 73-81, 1991. 

Marple, V.A., B. Olson and D.J. Rader, "The Affect of Gravity on Particle Collection Efficiency of inertial Impactors", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Publications 1990, Eds. R.L. Frantz and R.V. Ramani, 11:26-29, 1992. 

Rubow, K.L., B.K. Cantrell and V.A. Marple, "Measurement of Coal Dust and Diesel Exhaust Aerosols in Underground Mines", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Publications 1990, Eds. R.L. Frantz and R.V. Ramani, 11:38-43, 1992.

Marple, V.A., K.L. Rubow and Z. Zhang, "Experimental and Theoretical Measurement of the Aerodynamic Diameter of Irregular Shaped Particles", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Publications 1990, Eds. R.L. Frantz and R.V. Ramani, 11:56-60, 1992. 

Rubow, K.L., V.A. Marple, Y. Tao and D. Liu, "Design and Evaluation of a Personal Diesel Aerosol Sampler for underground Coal Mines", Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust Publications 1991, Eds. R.L. Frantz and R.V. Ramani, 12:131-136, 1992. 

Marple, V.A. and B. Olson, "A Microorifice Impactor with Cut Sizes Down to 10 Nanometers for Diesel Exhaust Sampling", Final Report for Grant Number G1135242, G1145242, G1155242/#2782 Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust, 1999.