University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota: Department of Mechanical Engineering

David Kittelson Publications

Selected Publications

Watts, Winthrop F., David D. Gladis, Matthew F, Schumacher, Adam C. Ragatz, and David B. Kittelson, 2010. Evaluation of a Portable Photometer for Estimating Diesel Particulate Matter Concentrations in an Underground Limestone Mine, in press, Annals of Occupational Hygiene.

Bika, Anil Singh, Luke Franklin, and David Kittelson, 2009. Hydrogen as a Combustion Modifier of Ethanol in Compression Ignition Engines, SAE paper number 09FFL-0209.

Boies, Adam, Steven Hankey, David Kittelson, Julian Marshall, Peter Nussbaum, Winthrop Watts, and Elizabeth Wilson, 2009. Reducing Motor Vehicle GHG Emissions in a State that is not California, Environmental Science and Technology, 2009, 43 (23), pp 8721-8729.

Gidney, Jeremy T., Martyn V. Twigg, and David B. Kittelson, 2009. Effect of Organometallic Fuel Additives on Nanoparticle Emissions from a Gasoline Passenger Car, in press, Environmental Science and Technology.

Gladis, David Daniel and David Kittelson, 2009. Measuring Diesel Ash Emissions and Estimating Lube Oil Consumption Using a High Temperature Oxidation Method, SAE paper number 2009-01-1843.

Johnson, Jason P., David B. Kittelson, and Winthrop F. Watts, 2009. The Effect of Federal Fuel Sulfur Regulations on In-Use Fleets: On-Road Heavy-Duty Source Apportionment, Environmental Science and Technology 2009, 43, 5358-5364.

Johnson, Kent C., Thomas D. Durbin, Heejung Jung, Ajay Chaudhary, David R. Cocker III, Jorn D. Herner, William H. Robertson, Tao Huai, Alberto Ayala, and David Kittelson, 2009. Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies during On-Road and Chassis Dynamometer Testing for DPF Equipped Heavy Duty Diesel Vehicles, Aerosol Science and Technology, 43:962–969, 2009.

Ragatz, Adam, David Kittelson, and Jacob Swanson, 2009. Particle and Gaseous Emission Characteristics of a Formula SAE Race Car Engine, SAE paper number 2009-01-1400.

Swanson, J. J., D. B. Kittelson, W. F. Watts, D. D. Gladis, and M. V. Twigg, 2009. Influence of Storage and Release on Particle Emissions from New and Used CRTs, Atmospheric Environment 43, (26), 2009, pp 3998-4004.

Swanson, Jacob and David Kittelson, 2009. Factors Influencing Mass Collected During 2007 Diesel PM Filter Sampling, SAE paper number 2009-01-1517.

Swanson, Jacob, David Kittelson, and David Dikken, 2009. Uncertainties in Filter Mass Measurements Made to Determine Compliance with the 2007 Diesel PM Standard, SAE paper number 2009-01-1516.

Tian, Lei, David B. Kittelson, William K. Durfee, 2009. Miniature HCCI Free-Piston Engine Compressor for Orthosis Application, JSAE paper number 20097176.

Kittelson, D., W. Watts, J.P. Johnson, C. Thorne, C. McCann, M. Payne, S. Goodier; C. Warrens, H. Preston, U. Zink, D. Pickles, C. Goersmann, M. Twigg, A. Walker, R. Boddy, 2008. Effect of Fuel and Lube Oil Sulfur on the Performance of a Diesel Exhaust Gas Continuously Regenerating Trap, Environmental Science and Technology, 2008, 42, 9276-9282.

Schauer, J. J.; C.G. Christensen, D.B. Kittelson, J.P. Johnson; and W.F. Watts 2008. Impact of Ambient Temperatures and Driving Conditions on the Chemical Composition of Particulate Matter Emissions from Non-Smoking Gasoline-Powered Motor Vehicles, Aerosol Science and Technology, 42:210-223, 2008.

Bika, Anil Singh; Luke M. Franklin; and David B. Kittelson 2008. Emissions Effects of Hydrogen as a Supplemental Fuel with Diesel and Biodiesel, SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 1(1): 283-292, 2008.

Elder, Alison, Jean-Philippe Couderc, Robert Gelein, Shirley Eberly, Christopher Cox, Xiaojuang Xia, Wojciech Zareba, Philip Hopke, WinthropWatts, David Kittelson, Mark Frampton, Mark Utell, and Günter Oberdörster, “Effects of On-Road Highway Aerosol Exposures on Autonomic Responses in Aged, Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats,” Inhalation Toxicology, 19:1–12, 2007.

Kittelson, David B., Jacob Swanson, and Andrew Dallas, 2007. An Alternative Method for Generating Ultra-Clean Dilution Air for Engine Emissions Measurements, SAE paper number: 2007-01-1111.

Liu, Z. Gerald, Victoria N. Vasys, Thaddeus Swor, and David B. Kittelson, 2007. Significance of Fuel Sulfur Content and Dilution Conditions on Particle Emissions from a Heavily-Used Diesel Engine During Transient Operation, SAE paper number: 2007-01-0319. Ng, Iam Pou, Arthur Miller, Hongbin Ma, and David Kittelson, 2007. Comparing Measurements of Carbon in Diesel Exhaust Aerosols Using the Aethalometer, NIOSH Method 5040, and SMPS, SAE paper number: 2007-01-0334.

Elder, A. J. Couderc, R. Gelein, S. Eberly, C. Cox, X. Xia, W. Zareba, P. Hopke, W. Watts, D. Kittelson, M. Frampton, M. Utell, and G. Oberdörster. 2006. Effects of On Road Highway Aerosol Exposures on Autonomic Responses in Aged, Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Inhalation Toxicology, 19:1-12, 2007.

Sem, Gilmore J., Oliver F. Bischof, and David B. Kittelson 2007. Review of Particle Size Distribution Measurements of Engine Exhaust Before 1985, submitted to Proceedings of the Third Symposium on the History of Aerosol Science edited by David Ensor.

Grose, M.; H. Sakurai; J. Savstrom; M. R. Stolzenburg; W. F. Watts, Jr.; C. G. Morgan; I. P. Murray; M. V. Twigg; D. B.Kittelson; and P. H. McMurry, 2006. “Chemical and Physical Properties of Ultrafine Diesel Exhaust Particles Sampled Downstream of a Catalytic Trap,” Environ. Sci. Technol.; 2006; 40(17) pp 5502 – 5507.

Jung, Heejung, David B. Kittelson, and Michael R. Zachariah, 2006. “The Characteristics of SME Biodiesel-Fueled Diesel Particle Emissions and the Kinetics of Oxidation,” Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 16, Aug 15, 2006, p 4949-4956.

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts, J. P. Johnson, C. J. Rowntree, S. P. Goodier, M. J. Payne, W. H. Preston, C. P. Warrens, M. Ortiz, U. Zink, C. Goersmann, M. V. Twigg and A. P.
Walker, 2006. “Driving Down On-Highway Particulate Emissions,” SAE paper number 2006-01-0916

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts, J. P. Johnson, C. Rowntree, M. Payne, S. Goodier, C. Warrens, H. Preston, U. Zink, M. Ortiz, C. Goersmann, M. V. Twigg, A. P. Walker, and R. Caldow. 2006. On-Road Evaluation of Two Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment Devices, Journal of Aerosol Science, v37, n9, September, 2006, p 1140-1151.

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts, and J. P. Johnson 2006. “On-road and Laboratory Evaluation of Combustion Aerosols Part 1: Summary of Diesel Engine Results,” Journal of Aerosol Science, 37 (2006) 913-930.

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts, J. P. Johnson, J. Schauer, and D. R. Lawson 2006. “On-road and Laboratory Evaluation of Combustion Aerosols Part 2: Summary of Spark Ignition Engine Results,” Journal of Aerosol Science, 37, 931-949.

Lee, D., A. Miller, D. Kittelson, and M. Zachariah, 2006. “Characterization of Metal-Bearing Diesel Nanoparticles Using Single-Particle Mass Spectrometry,” Journal of Aerosol Science, v 37, n 1, January, 2006, p 88-110

Jacobson, M. Z., D. B. Kittelson, and W. F. Watts. 2005. “Enhanced Coagulation Due to Evaporation and its Effect on Nanoparticle Evolution,” Environmental Science and Technology, v 39, n 24, p 9486-9492

Johnson, Jason P., David B. Kittelson, Winthrop F. Watts, 2005. “Source Apportionment of Diesel and Spark Ignition Exhaust Aerosol Using On-Road Data from the Minneapolis Metropolitan Area,” Atmospheric Environment 39, 2111–2121.

Jung, Heejung and David B. Kittelson, 2005. “Characterization of Aerosol Surface Instruments in Transition Regime,” Aerosol Science and Technology, 39:902–911

Jung, Heejung and David Kittelson, 2005. "Measurement of Electrical Charge on Diesel Particles," Aerosol Science and Technology, 39:1129–1135

Jung, Heejung, David B. Kittelson, and Michael R. Zachariah, 2005. “The Influence of a Cerium Additive on Ultrafine Diesel Particle Emissions and Kinetics of Oxidation,” Combustion and Flame, v 142, n 3, August, 2005, p 276-288

Kasper, A., H. Burtscher, J. P. Johnson, D. B. Kittelson, W. F. Watts, U. Baltensperger, and E. Weingartner 2005. “Particle Emissions from SI-Engines During Steady State and Transient Operating Conditions,” SAE paper number 2005-01-3136.

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts, J. C. Savstrom, J. P. Johnson, 2005. “Influence of Catalytic Stripper on Response of PAS and DC,” Journal of Aerosol Science 36 1089–1107.

Ramachandran, G. J., W. Watts, D. Kittelson, 2005. “Mass, Surface Area and Number Metrics in Diesel Occupational Exposure Assessment,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring 7, no. 7: 728-735

Elder, A.C.P., Gelein R., Finkelstein J., Frampton M., Utell M., Carter, J., Driscoll, K., Kittelson, D., Watts W. , Hopke P., Vincent R., Premkumari K., Oberdorster, G., 2004. “Effects of Inhaled Fine/Ultrafine Particles Combined with Other Air Pollutants. In: Effects of Air Contaminants on the Respiratory Tract — Interpretations from Molecules to Meta Analysis, INIS Monographs, Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, U. Heinrich, editor, pp. 53-68.

Elder, A., R. Gelein, J. Finkelstein, R. Phipps, M. Frampton, M. Utell, D. Kittelson, W. Watts, P. Hopke, C-H. Jeong, E. Kim, W. Liu, W. Zhao, L. Zhuo, R. Vincent, P.
Kumarathasan, and G. Oberdörster, 2004. “On-Road Exposure to Highway Aerosols: 2. Exposures of Aged, Compromised Rats,” Inhalation Toxicology, 16(suppl. 1):41–53

Johnson, Tim, Robert Caldow, Arndt Pöcher, Aadu Mirme, and David Kittelson, 2004. “A New Electrical Mobility Particle Sizer Spectrometer for Engine Exhaust Particle Measurements,” SAE paper number 2004-01-1341

Jung, Heejung, David B. Kittelson and Michael R. Zachariah, 2004. “Kinetics and visualization of soot oxidation using transmission electron microscopy,” Combustion and Flame, v. 136, Issue 4 , March 2004, pp. 445-456

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts and J. P. Johnson, 2004. “Nanoparticle Emissions on Minnesota Highways,” Atmospheric Environment, 38, 9-19.

Kittelson, D. B., W. F. Watts, J. P. Johnson, M. L. Remerowki, E. E. Ische, G. Oberdörster, R. M. Gelein, A. C. Elder, and P. K. Hopke, 2004. “On-Road Exposure to Highway Aerosols: 1. Aerosol and Gas Measurements,” Inhalation Toxicology, 16(suppl. 1):31–39

Kittelson, David, Tim Hands, Chris Nickolaus, Nick Collings, Ville Niemelä, and Martyn Twigg, 2004. “Mass Correlation of Engine Emissions with Spectral Instruments,” JSAE paper number 20045462

Park, Kihong, David B. Kittelson, Michael R. Zachariah and Peter H. McMurry, 2004. “Measurement of Inherent Material Density of Nanoparticle Agglomerates,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research 6 (2): 267-272, June 2004.

Park, Kihong, David Kittelson, and Peter McMurry, 2004. “Structural Properties of Diesel Exhaust Particles Measured by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM): Relationships to Particle Mass and Mobility,” Aerosol Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 881-889(9)

"The Influence of Dilution Conditions on Diesel Exhaust Particle Size Distribution Measurements." SAE International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, SAE Paper No. 1999-01-1142, 1999 (with I. Abdul-Khalek, I.and F. Brear).

"Exhaust Particulate Emissions from Two Port Fuel Injected Spark Ignition Engines." SAE International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, SAE Paper No. 1999-01-1144, 1999 (with B.R. Graskow, M. R.Ahmadi, and J.E. Morris).

"Exhaust Particulate Emissions from a Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engine." SAE International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, SAE Paper No. 1999-01-1145, 1999 (with B. R. Graskow, M. R.Ahmadi, and J.E. Morris).

"Diesel Exhaust Particle Size: Measurement Issues and Trend." SAE International Congress & Exposition, SAE Paper No. 980525 and SP-1326, 1998 (with I.S. Abdul-Khalek, B.R. Graskow, Q. Wei, and F. Brear).

"The Influence of a Fuel Additive on Diesel Combustion." SAE International Congress & Exposition, SAE Paper No. 980536, 1998 (with C.J. Du and J. Kracklauer).

"Spark Ignition Engine Knock Detection Using In-Cylinder Optical Probes." SAE International Fuels and Lubricants Meeting & Exposition, SAE Paper No. 962103, 1996, (with
Z. Sun, and P.L. Blackshear).

"Deposition, Diffusion, and Adsorption in the Diesel Oxidation Catalyst." Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 10, pp. 117-137, 1996 (with J.E. Johnson).

"Effects of Particle Shape and Chemical Composition on the Electron Impact Charging Properties of Submicron Inorganic Particles." Journal of Aerosol Science, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 587-606, 1996 (with P.J. Ziemann and P.H. McMurry).

"Particle Beam Mass Spectrometer Measurements of Particle Formation During Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition of Polysilicon and SiO2 Films." Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum Surfaces & Films, vol.14, no. 2, pp. 582-587, 1996 (with P.H. McMurry, S. Nijhawan, N. Rao, P. Ziemann, and S. Campbell).

"The Application of a Thermal Efficiency Maximizing Control Strategy for Ignition Timing and Equivalence Ratio on a Natural Gas-Fueled Hercules G1600." Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 118, 1996, pp. 872-879, (with M.L. Franklin, and R.H. Leuer).