University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota: Department of Mechanical Engineering
http://www.me.umn.edu/
  • Mechanical Engineering

 

Publications

Journal Papers:

[1] Rodney L. Dockter, Thomas S. Lendvay, Robert M. Sweet, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. The minimally acceptable classification criterion for surgical skill: Intent vectors and separability of raw motion data. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, pages 1--9, 2017. [ DOI | http ]
[2] Anna French, Thomas S Lendvay, Robert M Sweet, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Predicting surgical skill from the first n seconds of a task: value over task time using the isogony principle. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, pages 1--10, 2017. [ DOI | http ]
[3] Mark D Gilbertson, Gillian McDonald, Gabriel Korinek, James D Van de Ven, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Serially actuated locomotion for soft robots in tube-like environments. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 2(2):1140--1147, 2017. [ .pdf ]
[4] Timothy M Kowalewski, Bryan Comstock, Robert Sweet, Cory Schaffhausen, Ashleigh Menhadji, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, et al. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills for validation of basic laparoscopic urologic skills (blus) tasks. The Journal of Urology, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[5] Cory R Schaffhausen and Timothy M Kowalewski. Assessing quality of unmet user needs: Effects of need statement characteristics. Design Studies, 44:1--27, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[6] Daniel Holst, Timothy M Kowalewski, Lee W White, Timothy C Brand, Jonathan D Harper, Mathew D Sorensen, Mireille Truong, Khara Simpson, Alyssa Tanaka, Roger Smith, et al. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills: Differentiating animate surgical skill through the wisdom of crowds. Journal of Endourology, 29(10):1183--1188, 2015.
[7] Timothy M Kowalewski, Robert Sweet, Thomas S Lendvay, Ashleigh Menhadji, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, Bodo Knudsen, et al. Validation of the aua basic laparoscopic urologic surgery skills (blus) tasks. The Journal of urology, 2015.
[8] Thomas S Lendvay, Lee White, and Timothy Kowalewski. Crowdsourcing to assess surgical skill. JAMA Surgery: the Journal of the American Medical Association - Surgery, 150(11):1086--1087, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[9] Jason Lu and Timothy M Kowalewski. Flexible, stretchable skin sensors for two-dimensional position tracking in medical simulators. Journal of Medical Devices, 9(2):020927, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[10] Cory R Schaffhausen and Timothy M Kowalewski. Assessing quality of user-submitted need statements from large-scale needfinding: Effects of expertise and group size. Journal of Mechanical Design, 137(12):121102, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[11] Cory R Schaffhausen and Timothy M Kowalewski. Large-scale needfinding: Methods of increasing user-generated needs from large populations. Journal of Mechanical Design, 137(7):071403, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[12] Lee W White, Timothy M Kowalewski, Rodney Lee Dockter, Bryan Comstock, Blake Hannaford, and Thomas S Lendvay. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skill: A valid method for discriminating basic robotic surgery skills. Journal of Endourology, 29(11):1295--1301, 2015. [ DOI | http ]
[13] Daniel Holst, Timothy M. Kowalewski, Lee W. White, Timothy C. Brand, Jonathan D. Harper, Mathew D. Sorenson, Sarah Kirsch, and Thomas S. Lendvay. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills: An adjunct to urology resident surgical simulation training. Journal of Endourology, 29(5):604--609, oct 2014. [ DOI | http ]
[14] Timothy M Kowalewski, Lee W White, Thomas S Lendvay, Iris S Jiang, Robert Sweet, Andrew Wright, Blake Hannaford, and Mika N Sinanan. Beyond task time: automated measurement augments fundamentals of laparoscopic skills methodology. Journal of Surgical Research, 192(2):329--338, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[15] Carolyn Chen, Lee White, Timothy Kowalewski, Rajesh Aggarwal, Chris Lintott, Bryan Comstock, Katie Kuksenok, Cecilia Aragon, Daniel Holst, and Thomas Lendvay. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills: a novel method to evaluate surgical performance. Journal of Surgical Research, 2013. [ .pdf ]
[16] Thomas S Lendvay, Timothy C Brand, Lee White, Timothy Kowalewski, Saikiran Jonnadula, Laina D Mercer, Derek Khorsand, Justin Andros, Blake Hannaford, and Richard M Satava. Virtual reality robotic surgery warm-up improves task performance in a dry laboratory environment: a prospective randomized controlled study. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 216(6):1181--1192, 2013. [ .pdf ]
[17] Tim Kowalewski, Lee White, Thomas S. Lendvay, Iris Jiang, Andrew Wright, and Blake Hannaford. Validation of edge, a reality-based laparoscopic box trainer for quantitative psychomotor skill assesment. Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare, 2012. [ .pdf ]
[18] David Schroeder, Timothy Kowalewski, Lee White, John Carlis, Erlan Santos, Robert Sweet, Thomas S Lendvay, Troy Reihsen, and Daniel F Keefe. Visualizing surgical training databases: exploratory visualization, data modeling, and formative feedback for improving skill acquisition. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 32(6):71--81, 2012. [ .pdf ]
[19] Timothy J Tausch, Timothy M Kowalewski, Lee W White, Patrick S McDonough, Timothy C Brand, and Thomas S Lendvay. Content and construct validation of a robotic surgery curriculum using an electromagnetic instrument tracker. The Journal of urology, 188(3):919--923, 2012. [ .pdf ]
[20] Diana CW Friedman, Tim Kowalewski, Radivoje Jovanovic, Jacob Rosen, and Blake Hannaford. Freeing the serial mechanism designer from inverse kinematic solvability constraints. Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, 7(3):209--216, 2010. [ .pdf ]
[21] Hani H Rashid, Timothy Kowalewski, Peter Oppenheimer, Ann Ooms, John N Krieger, and Robert M Sweet. The virtual reality transurethral prostatic resection trainer: evaluation of discriminate validity. The Journal of urology, 177(6):2283--2286, 2007. [ .pdf ]
[22] R Sweet, T Kowalewski, P Oppenheimer, S Weghorst, and R Satava. Face, content and construct validity of the university of washington virtual reality transurethral prostate resection trainer. The Journal of urology, 172(5):1953--1957, 2004. [ .pdf ]

Journal Technical Briefs:

[1] Anna French and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Laparoscopic skill classification using the two-third power law and the isogony principle. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2017.
[2] Reed A. Johnson, John J. O'Neill, Rodney L. Dockter, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Toward inkjet additive manufacturing directly onto human anatomy. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2017.
[3] Nathan J. Kong, Trevor K. Stephens, John J. O'Neill, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Design of a portable dynamic calibration instrument for davinci si tools. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2017.
[4] Mark J. Brown, Trevor K. Stephens, John J. O'Neill, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Effects of grasp frequency on the dynamics of a robotic surgical grasper. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[5] Anna M. French, John J. O'Neill, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Design of a dynamic additive manufacturing system for use on free-moving human anatomy. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[6] Mark Gilbertson, Gillian McDonald, Gabriel Korinek, James D. Van de Ven, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Soft passive valves for serial actuation in a soft hydraulic robotic catheter. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[7] Cory R. Schaffhausen, Robert M Sweet, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Crowdsourcing unmet clinical needs in minimally invasive surgery. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[8] Trevor K Stephens, Kelsey A Harper, Mark J Brown, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Decay of tissue mechanical properties over 24 hour period. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[9] John J. O'Neill, Timothy M. Kowalewski, and Robert M. Sweet. Feasibility of online semantic labeling of deformable tissues for minimally invasive surgery. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 9(3), 2015. [ .pdf ]
[10] Trevor K Stephens, Zachary C Meier, Robert M Sweet, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Tissue identification through back end sensing on da vinci endowrist surgical tool. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 9(3):030939, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[11] Darrin Beekman, Sachin Bijadi, and Timothy Kowalewski. Real-time tissue differentiation using fiber optic sensing in laser catheters. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8(3):030934, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[12] Rodney Dockter and Tim Kowalewski. A framework for calibrating and benchmarking computer vision algorithms in surgical robotics. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8(3), 2014. [ .pdf ]
[13] A Doud, R Dockter, D Vetter, J Rana, M Koester, Z Rzeszutek, and J Hjaltason. Low-cost assessment tools for the development of psychomotor competency in procedural surgical skills. Mechanical Sciences, 5:17--19, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[14] John J. O'Neill and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Online free anatomy registration via non-contact skeletal tracking for collaborative human/robot interaction in surgical robotics. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8(3), 2014. [ .pdf ]
[15] Jalal Rana and Timothy Kowalewski. Feasibility of a low-cost instrumented trocar for universal surgical procedure analyses. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8(3), 2014. [ .pdf ]
[16] Cory R Schaffhausen and Timothy M Kowalewski. Towards crowd-based needfinding in medical device development. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8(3), 2014. [ .pdf ]
[17] Robin Walz, Zachary Meier, Michael Winek, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Medical simulators for developing countries via low-cost two-dimensional position tracking. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8:1--3, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[18] Michael Winek, Robert Sweet, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Dynamic calibration method for instrumented laparoscopic surgical graspers. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 8(3), 2014. [ .pdf ]
[19] Rodney Dockter and Timothy M Kowalewski. A low-cost computer vision based approach for tracking surgical robotic tools. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 7(3), 2013. [ .pdf ]
[20] Alexander J Doud, Rodney Dockter, Sanket Chauhan, Robert Sweet, and Timothy Kowalewski. Automated electro-mechanical assessment of psychomotor skill for high-stakes certification in surgical robotics. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 7(3), 2013. [ .pdf ]
[21] Kevin Ruda, Darrin Beekman, Lee W White, Thomas S Lendvay, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Surgtrak a universal platform for quantitative surgical data capture. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 7(3), 2013. [ .pdf ]
[22] Astrini Sie and Timothy M Kowalewski. Quantifying forces at the tool-tissue interface of a surgical laparoscopic grasper. ASME Journal of Medical Devices, 7(3), 2013. [ .pdf ]

Conference Papers:

[1] Mark D Gilbertson, Darrin Beekman, Biswaranjan Mohanty, Saeed Hashemi, Sangyoon Lee, James D Van de Ven, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Force analysis and modelling of soft actuators for catheter robots. In Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, volume 2, pages V002T25A005, 9 pages. ASME, October 2016. [ .pdf ]
[2] Rodney L. Dockter, John J. O'Neill, Trevor K. Stephens, and Timothy M. Kowalewski. Feasibility of tissue classification via da vinci endowrist surgical tool. In The Hamlyn Symposium on Medical Robotics, pages 64--65, 2016. [ .pdf ]
[3] Cory R. Schaffhausen, Rob Sweet, David Hananel, Kathleen Johnson, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Crowdsourcing unmet needs in simulation-based education and technology. In 9th Annual Meeting of the American College of Surgeons Accredited Education Institute Consortium, Chicago, IL, 2016. Accredited Education Institute. [ .pdf ]
[4] John O'Neill, Jason Lu, Rodney Dockter, and Timothy Kowalewski. Practical, stretchable smart skin sensors for contact-aware robots in safe and collaborative interactions. In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 624--629. IEEE, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[5] Cory R Schaffhausen and Timothy M Kowalewski. Large-scale needs-based open innovation via automated semantic textual similarity analysis. In Proceedings of the ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pages V007T06A045--V007T06A045, Boston, MA, 2015. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. DETC2015-47358. [ .pdf ]
[6] Rodney Dockter, Robert Sweet, and Tim Kowalewski. A fast, low-cost, computer vision approach for tracking surgical tools. In IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[7] Daniel Holst, Lee White, Timothy Brand, Jonathan Harper, and Thomas Lendvay. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skill (csats(tm)): An andjunct to urology resident simulation training. In The Journal of Urology, volume 191, pages e168--. Elsevier, 2014. [ DOI | http ]
[8] Timothy Kowalewski, Robert Sweet, Ashleigh Menhadjii, Timothy Averch, Geoffery Box, Bodo Knudsen, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, Jaime Landman, Benjamin Lee, Elspeth McDougall, Bradley Schwartz, and Thomas S. Lendvay. Construct validity of the basic laparoscopic urologic sugery (blus) skill tasks. volume 28, page A250. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA, 2014. [ DOI | .pdf ]
[9] Thomas Lendvay, Bryan Comstock, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Bodo Knudsen, Timothy Brand, Michael Femandino, Johad Kaouk, Jaime Landman, Benjamin Lee, Elpseth McDougall, Ashleigh Mehadji, Bradley Schwartz, Robert Sweet, and Timothy Kowalewski. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills (c-sats): Validation through the basic laparoscopic urologic sugery (blus) curriculum. volume 28, pages A249--A250. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA, 2014. [ DOI | .pdf ]
[10] Thomas Lendvay, Daniel Holst, Lee White, Timothy Kowalewski, Timothy Brand, Mathew Sorensen, Jonathan Harper, Mireille Truong, Khara Simpson, and Rogher Smith. Differentiating surgical skill through the wisdom of crowds. Number 29, page 77. Engineering and Urology Society, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[11] Thomas S. Lendvay, Lee W. White, Daniel Holst, Timothy Kowalewski, Jonathan D. Harper, Mathew Sorensen, Timothy C. Brand, Mireille Truong, Khara Simpson, and Roger Smith. Quantifying surgical skill: using the wisdom of crowds. volume 219, pages e158 -- e159, 2014. Scientific Papers and Scientific Poster Presentations 2014 Clinical Congress The American College of Surgeons 2014 Annual Clinical Congress. [ DOI | http ]
[12] Bin Li, Berenice Mettler, and Timonthy M Kowalewski. Towards data-driven hierarchical surgical skill analysis. In MICCAI 5th Workshop on Modeling and Monitoring of Computer Assisted Interventions (M2CAI) MedarXiv, preprint arXiv:1503.08866 2015, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[13] Astrini Sie, Michael Winek, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Online identification of abdominal tissues in vivo for tissue-aware and injury-avoiding surgical robots. In Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2014), 2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, pages 2036--2042. IEEE, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[14] Lee W White, Timothy M Kowalewski, Timothy C Brand, Jonathan D Harper, Bryan Comstock, Blake Hannaford, and Thomas S Lendvay. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills (csats(tm)): Fast, economical and accurate assessment of robotic surgery. In Journal of Urology, volume 191, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[15] Timothy Kowalewski, Lee White, Thomas Lendvay, and Blake Hannaford. The electronic data generation and evaluation (edge) platform for laparoscopic skills training and evaluation. volume 7, pages 566--567. LWW, 2012. [ DOI | .pdf ]
[16] Timothy Kowalewski, Lee White, Thomas Lendvay, and Blake Hannaford. How much force? a possible gap in surgical training. volume 7, pages 540--541. LWW, 2012. [ DOI | .pdf ]
[17] Richard Satava, Roger Smith, Vipul Patel A. Advincula, R. Aggarwal, A. Al Ansari, D. Albala, R. Angelo, M. Anvari, J. Armstrong, G. Ballantyne, M. Billia, J. Borin, D. Bouchier-Hayes, T. Brand, S. Chauhan, P. Coelho, A. Cuschieri, B. Dunkin, S. Dunlow, V. Ficarra, A. Gallagher, L. Glazerman, T. Grantcharov, D. Hananel, J. Hebert, R. Holloway, W. Judd, K. Kim, M. Koch, T. Kowalewski, R. Kumar, K. Kunkler, G. Lee, T. Lendvay, R. Leveillee, J. Levy, G. Maddern, S. Magnuson, M. Marohn, D. Maron, M. Martino, P. Neary, K. Palmer, E. Parra-Davila, S. Ramamoorthy, K. Rha, J. Riess, B. Rocco, R. Rush, D. Scott, N. Seymour, M. Sinanan, D. Stefanidis, C. Sundaram, R. Sweet, E. Verrier, and G. Weinstein. Fundamentals of robotic surgery: Outcomes measures and curriculum development. In Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, 2012. [ .pdf ]
[18] Astrini Sie, Michael Winek, and Timothy M Kowalewski. Low-cost quantitative tool-tissue applied pressure indication method for surgical training and assessment in reality-based physical models. volume 184, pages 407--411, 2012.
[19] Lee W White, Timothy M Kowalewski, Blake Hannaford, and Thomas S Lendvay. Surgtrak: Evolution of a multi-stream surgical performance data capture system for the da vinci surgical robot. Number 27, page 24. Engineering and Urology Society, 2012. [ .pdf ]
[20] Timothy J Tausch, Timothy M Kowalewski, Lee W White, Timothy C Brand, and Thomas S Lendvay. Content and construct validation of a robotic surgery curriculum using an electromagnetic instrument tracker. In Journal of Urology, volume 185, 2011. [ .pdf ]
[21] Diana CW Friedman, Jesse Dosher, Tim Kowalewski, Jacob Rosen, and Blake Hannaford. Automated tool handling for the trauma pod surgical robot. In Robotics and Automation, 2007 IEEE International Conference on, pages 1936--1941. IEEE, 2007. [ .pdf ]
[22] Timothy M Kowalewski, Jacob Rosen, Lily Chang, Mika N Sinanan, and Blake Hannaford. Optimization of a vector quantization codebook for objective evaluation of surgical skill. volume 98, page 174. IOS Press, 2004. [ .pdf ]
[23] RM Sweet, T Kowalewski, P Oppenheimer, J Berkley, S Weghorst, and M Mayo. How we learn resection skills: Analysis of data from the university of washington turp simulator. In JOURNAL OF UROLOGY (Supplement 4), volume 171, pages 401--401. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA, 2004.
[24] RM Sweet, TM Kowalewski, P Oppenheimer, J Berkley, R Satava, JR Porter, and S Weghorst. The uw turp simulator: A validated tool to train resection skills. In JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, volume 169, pages 467--467. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA, 2003. [ http ]
[25] Robert M Sweet, Timothy M Kowalewski, Peter Oppenheimer, Jeff Berkley, and Susan Weghorst. Validation of the university of washington virtual reality turp simulator as a training tool. In Journal of Endourology (Supplement 1), volume 16. World Congress of Endourology, 2002. [ .pdf ]
[26] Robert M Sweet, Peter Oppenheimer, Duff Hendrickson, Timothy M Kowalewski, Jeff Berkley, James Porter, and Susan Weghorst. The creation of the university of washington virtual turp training simulator. In Journal of Endourology (Supplement 1), volume 16. World Congress of Endourology, 2002. [ .pdf ]

Other:

[1] Rodney Lee Dockter II. Dynamic Discriminant Analysis with Applications in Computational Surgery. PhD thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2017. [ .pdf ]
[2] John J. O'Neill. Online Semantic Labeling of Deformable Tissues for Medical Applications. PhD thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2017. [ .pdf ]
[3] Timothy M. Kowalewski, Thomas S. Lendvay, Bryan Comstock, Cory Schaffhausen, Ashleigh Menhadji, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, Bodo Knudsen, Jaime Landman, Benjamin Lee, Bradley Schwartz, Robert Sweet, and Elspeth McDougall. High-volume assessment of surgical videos via crowd-sourcing: The basic laparoscopic urologic skills (blus) initiative. Journal of Urology, American Urological Association Annual Conference Proceedings, 2015. Podium Presentation.
[4] Timothy M. Kowalewski, Thomas S. Lendvay, Cory Schaffhausen, Ashleigh Menhadji, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, Bodo Knudsen, Jaime Landman, Benjamin Lee, Bradley Schwartz, Robert Sweet, and Elspeth McDougall. Large-scale evidence of construct validity: The basic laparoscopic urologic skills (blus) initiative. Journal of Urology, American Urological Association Annual Conference Proceedings, 2015. Podium Presentation.
[5] Timothy M. Kowalewski, Thomas S. Lendvay, Cory Schaffhausen, Ashleigh Menhadji, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, Bodo Knudsen, Jaime Landman, Benjamin Lee, Bradley Schwartz, Robert Sweet, and Elspeth McDougall. Using the wisdom of crowds: Validation through the basic laparoscopic urologic surgery (blus) curriculum. Journal of Urology, American Urological Association Annual Conference Proceedings, 2015. Podium Presentation.
[6] Thomas S. Lendvay, Timothy M. Kowalewski, Ashleigh Menhadji, Timothy Averch, Geoffrey Box, Timothy Brand, Michael Ferrandino, Jihad Kaouk, Bodo Knudsen, Jaime Landman, Benjamin Lee, Bradley Schwartz, Robert Sweet, and Elspeth McDougall. Validation of laparoscopic training curriculum: The basic laparoscopic urologic skills (blus) initiative. Journal of Urology, American Urological Association Annual Conference Proceedings, 2015. Podium Presentation.
[7] Cory R Schaffhausen. Large-Scale Needfinding Methods, Quality Metrics, and Need Prioritization in User-Centered Design. PhD thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2015. [ .pdf ]
[8] Zachary Meier. Tissue discrimination with the da vinci endowrist instrument. Honors Undergraduate Thesis, Univeristy of Minnesota, May 2014. [ .pdf ]
[9] Sachin Bijadi. Feasibility of additive manufacturing method for developing stretchable and flexible embedded circuits. Master's thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[10] Sachin Bijadi. Masters defense presentation, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[11] Sachin Bijadi, Timothy Zalusky, John O'Neill, and Timothy Kowalewski. Feasibility of additive manufacturing method for developing stretchable electronics for bio-integrated devices, 2014. [ .pdf ]
[12] Carolyn Chen, Lee W White, Bryan Comstock, Timothy M Kowalewski, and Thomas S Lendvay. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skill (c-sats): Faculty experts vs. amazon.com mechanical turk project(tm) vs. facebook(tm). NextMed Medicine Meets Virtual Reality Oral Presentation,, February 2013.
[13] Rodney Lee Dockter. A fast, low-cost, computer-vision based approach for tracking surgical tools. Master's thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2013. [ .pdf ]
[14] Jalal Rana. Feasibility of a low cost instrumented trocar for universal surgical procedure analysis. Master's thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2013. [ .pdf ]
[15] Astrini Sie. Online identification of abdominal tissues during grasping using an instrumented laparoscopic grasper. Master's thesis, The University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 2013. [ .pdf ]